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Issue 3 (November 2008) Chilli mixed with elephant dung is being burnt in Caprivi in an unusual attempt to stop elephants straying close to farmland and villages.


Dr Conrad Brain, environmental consultant to Wilderness Safaris, said: “We take wet season elephant dung – wet season because the dung is not as fibrous as dry season dung – and mix it with crushed dried chillis. We then take that mixture, wet it and press it into a brick shape and sun-dry it.  Into this block we press a wine cork that we have soaked in Jet A1 fuel.

“This brick can then be placed upwind from elephants and ignited. The brick smoulders away and produces a smoke that elephants can’t handle.  This can be used to protect lands and villages from elephant herds.”

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